Common Bike Types.
As the name suggested these bikes are designed for riding at speed on sealed roads.They have lightweight frames and components with minimal accessories, drop handlebars to allow for a powerful and aerodynamic riding position, narrow high-pressure tires and multiple gears. Racing bikes have a narrow gear range, usually 18, 20, 27 or 30 gears. The more closely spaced gear ratios give choice of a gear which will enable the rider to reach their maximum pedaling cadence for their style of racing.
Hybrid bikesA mix between the mountain and racing bicycles . Light frame, medium gauge wheels, and derailleur gearing, .Suitable for more upright syle of riding.
Used for bike touring these come with all the extras like bags,lights etc you would need on a tour.
Similar to the old road sportster, are often equipped with derailleur rather than hub gearing. Generally amodified mountain bike frame with a tall head tube giving an upright riding position, Usually have front suspension forks, seat post suspension with wide comfortable saddles, and drop-center, angled handlebars designed for easy reach while riding in an upright position.
A road bicycle frame similar to a racing or sport come touring bicycle. This bike style was originally intended for racing cyclo-cross. Due to their tough design, strong brakes and more stable design, cyclo cross bikes are often used as commuting, touring and “all rounder” bicycles.
Designed for commuting, shopping and running around town. They have medium to heavy frames and tires and internal hub gearing. Front and rear fenders and chain guard help keep the rider clean.Designed for upright riding often come with a basket for caying goods.
A type of bike with a longer than usual frame wheelbase at the rear compared to a standard utility
Designed to help the rider resist sudden jolts. Featuring various types of suspension systems (e.g. coiled spring, air or gas shock), and hydraulic or mechanical disc brakes. Mountain bike gearing ranges from very low ratios to mid ratios.
Time trial bikes
Similar to road bicycles but with a frame geometry that throws the rider into an aero riding position, giving away manoeuvrability for aerodynamics. Features include aerodynamic frames, wheels, and handlebars.
The rider has the choice of pedaling coasting on the bike. An electric motor is usually incorporated into the front or rear hub. Some electric bicycles allow these two functions to be carried out together and some motors will match the power the rider has contributed through the pedals. Electric bicycles usually use lithium-ion batteries.
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Triathlon bikesSeat posts t are closer to vertical than the seat posts on road racing bikes. This enables more engagement from the leg muscles. Triathlon bikes also have specialized handlebars or aero bars.
Simple, lightweight fixed-gear bikes with no brakes, designed for track cycling in velodromes.
Are lightweight enough to be carried over obstacles, and robust enough to be cycled through mud.
BMX (bicycle motocross)
Bikes have small wheels and are used for BMX racing, as well as freestyle with tricks such as wheelies. Freestyle BMXers often ride dirt jumps and skatepark ramps, or in street-style BMXing where the rider will tackle stairs and metal rails.
A specialized type of mountain bike with a very strong frame, altered geometry, and long travel suspension. They are designed for use only on downhill courses.
Bikes in this category usually have very strong frames and dual-suspension with travel of six inches and up. They tend to have a shorter wheelbase than downhill bikes but otherwise have very similar geometry and components. Extreme freeriders look for strength of material rather than weight so the bike can withstand the big drops and gaps that they perform.
The middle road between Downhill and Cross Country bikes This type of bike usually has a strong but lighert frame, and dual-suspension with travel between four to seven inches.
Check out the top road bikes for 2015 here. “>bikes 2015
Bicycles explained for beginners, watch this video